Common rodent beetle (woodworm)
The common rodent beetle ( Anobium punctatum ), also called woodworm because of its active larvae. The larvae do not attack fresh wood; this is referred to as a dry wood pest. If the larvae are active, this can be recognized by the oozing wood/meat dust. It is advisable to check the activity for a few days, as the larva takes breaks from feeding. The larva prefers sapwood; heartwood is only attacked in rare cases. The development time of the larva lasts in the best case one year, in the worst case up to eight years. After its metamorphosis, a beetle emerges from the chrysalis. This is sexually mature immediately. The finished beetle is around 2.5 to 5 millimeters long and is able to fly. This means he can look for new places to lay his eggs, but he is very “at home” and prefers the wood in which he grew up.
Pied rodent beetle / colorful poch beetle / knocking beetle
The colorful / mottled rodent beetle at 5 – 9 mm, it is the largest native rodent beetle. It is considered a secondary pest because it will only attack wood that has already been damaged, preferably oak, but also willow. But sometimes also softwood. The scent of wood-destroying fungi attracts the beetles. These eat both sapwood and heartwood, the main thing being that they are infected with fungi. Its offspring, the larvae, don't care; they aren't so picky; they eat everything, whether it's sapwood or heartwood, fungal infestation or not. For optimal development of the larvae, moisture and the associated fungal infestation are crucial. Under the best conditions (25% wood moisture and 21-26° C), the development from larva to beetle takes 1 – 2 years. Normally one assumes a development time of up to 6 years. The adult beetle only lives for a very short time (2-3 weeks) and is immediately able to fly. Its appearance, a dark brown beetle with patches of yellow-gray hair, gave it its name.
Brown sapwood beetle
The brown sapwood beetle ( Lyctus brunneus) is an immigrant and was first spotted in Germany in the 1950s. It was spotted in other parts of Europe at the beginning of the 20th century; its original home is Southeast Asia. The sapwood beetle has a very narrow 2.5 – 8 mm long body. It comes in three different colors, red, dark and yellow-brown. Its larvae are 4 - 6mm long and have three pairs of legs. It belongs to the borer beetle family and particularly prefers hardwoods. The beetles are active at dusk and are good fliers. To develop, the larvae need wood that has a very high protein content and is rich in starch (e.g. oak, walnut, elm, ash, etc.). The type of wood doesn't matter; it doesn't matter whether it's sawn wood, raw wood, plywood or even veneer. Common beech, maple and conifers, for example, are little or not affected at all. These are low in starch and protein, and this also applies to heartwood.
House longhorn beetle
The house longhorn beetle, also known as the longhorn beetle or large woodworm ( Hylotrupes bajulus), belongs to the longhorn beetle family. When fully grown it reaches a length of 8 – 26 mm. This species loves the warmth and only flies at temperatures above 30° C. In Central Europe mainly from June to August. Its territory is coniferous forests, including pine, spruce and larch. Sapwood is its preferred food, but heartwood is only very rarely attacked. Hardwoods, on the other hand, are avoided. A house buck infestation is very difficult to detect because it clogs the passages with the meal. Feeding noises, fresh exit holes and the discovery of larvae or beetles indicate an infestation. The larva itself only thrives when the wood has a moisture content of 12%, ideally 30%. These conditions are mainly found in roof trusses or in exposed wood, such as utility poles, fence posts or wooden and half-timbered buildings. They are ivory white and approximately 30 mm in size. The outer edge of the wood remains undamaged; nutrient-rich sapwood is preferred. Under favorable conditions the development time takes 3 – 4 years; under unfavorable conditions this can be tripled. The emerging beetles leave behind oval exit holes with a longitudinal diameter of 5 – 10mm. This has a short lifespan of around 4 weeks and no longer eats food.